Forex is the foreign exchange market, which is the largest and most liquid financial market in the world. It is open around the clock, five days a week, and it is open in almost every time zone. The foreign exchange market has a number of movers and shakers including commercial banks, investment banks, institutional traders, retail investors, and government entities.
The forex market is considered less regulated than other financial markets. This may be an advantage to those looking for exponential returns but not wanting to take on large risk.
The foreign exchange market is a global marketplace, which is managed by a network of financial institutions. Transactions occur through computer networks.
Currency prices are determined by supply and demand of sellers and buyers. In the forex market, this means that there are always buyers and sellers. When there is a great deal of demand, bid prices can be higher than ask prices. However, in times of economic instability, currency values are significantly more volatile.
The forex market is a highly speculative market, which means that companies and traders use it for two primary purposes: speculation and hedging. Hedging is an attempt to protect an overseas sales revenue from fluctuations in the exchange rate.
A major part of the forex market is the spot market, which is the market where currencies are traded based on the current price. Price changes can be affected by a number of factors, such as interest rates, the economy, and sentiments toward ongoing political situations.