Fitness is a state of well-being that is associated with physical, mental, and emotional health. Physical fitness can help with stress management, lower the risk of osteoporosis, and help you manage your weight. It also gives you more energy to do other activities.
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) links regular physical activity to a reduced risk of heart disease, diabetes, and certain cancers. Being fit can also improve your mental alertness and reduce the risk of falls and high blood pressure.
To be physically fit, you should start with small, mini-bursts of movement. As you get more fit, you may want to work up to longer periods of exercise. For example, try a brisk half-hour walk each day.
You can also incorporate strength training into your routine. By adding weights, you will increase the amount of muscle mass you have. This is called muscle hypertrophy. Strength training should be added to your workout at least two times per week.
In addition to muscular strength, your fitness should include cardiovascular endurance, flexibility, and balance. A complete workout should include all these components.
Cardiovascular endurance can be tested by swimming, cycling, and jogging. If you suffer from dizziness, chest pain, or heartburn, avoid doing these activities. Afterwards, do a light activity to allow your muscles to recover.
Muscular strength is important for every individual. Strength training builds muscle strength and helps you lift heavy objects. Increasing your muscles’ size and strength will make you more resistant to injury.