Finance is a broad term that describes a range of activities that include the origination, use and management of monetary resources. It is used in businesses, governments and people. There are several types of finance, including corporate finance, public finance and risk management.
Finance is important to the economy because it allows businesses and organizations to operate effectively. It is also important to individuals to be able to save and invest money. Whether an individual is saving for retirement, a college education, or a family trip to the Caribbean, finance can help him or her reach those goals.
Finance has strong roots in statistics and economics. It is also closely connected to interest rates. Financial professionals enjoy high earning potential and the flexibility to pursue a variety of career options.
For example, you may start a business and need to raise funds. You can use short-term credit or commercial paper to do so. Another option is to borrow from a bank. However, if you are unable to do so, you may have to sell or borrow equity.
Typically, the finance department of a business will make sure that the best financial products are used to support the business plan. This helps to ensure that money is not wasted and shareholder’s wealth is maximized.
One of the more popular majors in the United States is business and finance. Students learn the basic principles of financial management and have the opportunity to specialize.